Cognitive Foundations of Reading Acquisition
Updated: Mar 23
This Cognitive Foundations Framework (Tunmer & Hoover, 2019), may be seen as a current version of Scarborough's Reading Rope (Scarborough, 2001) and The Simple View of Reading. (Gough & Tunmer, 1986). "If beginning readers are not progressing satisfactorily (i.e. at rates similar to their peers) in reading comprehension, is it because they are having problems recognizing printed words, problems understanding the language being read, or both" (Tunmer & Hoover, 2019, p. 90).
Gough, P. B., & Tunmer, W. E. (1986). Decoding, reading, and reading disability. Remedial and Special Education, 7(1), 6-10. doi:10.1177/074193258600700104
Scarborough, H.S. (2001). Connecting early language and literacy to later reading (dis)abilities. Evidence, theory, and practice. In S. Neuman & D. Dickinson (Eds.), Handbook for research in early literacy (pp. 97–110). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Tunmer, W. E., & Hoover, W. A. (2019). The cognitive foundations of learning to read: A framework for preventing and remediating reading difficulties. Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 24(1), 75-93. doi:10.1080/19404158.2019.1614081